Below are some example configurations for Apache.

The examples include support for uploaded files (e.g. via the file helper), where the web server needs to map the /a/files/ URL to the /files/ folder.

And versioning url's on resourses (e.g. images, CSS, and JavaScript), where the cache headers can also be set with:

ExpiresActive On
ExpiresByType image/gif "access plus 12 months"
ExpiresByType image/jpeg "access plus 12 months"
ExpiresByType image/png "access plus 12 months"
ExpiresByType image/x-icon "access plus 12 months"
ExpiresByType text/css "access plus 12 months"
ExpiresByType application/javascript "access plus 12 months"
ExpiresByType application/x-font-woff "access plus 12 months"

Standard setup

<VirtualHost *:80>

    ServerName www.example.com
    DocumentRoot /www/live/test.project/app/public/

    RewriteEngine on

    RewriteRule ^/a/files/(.*) /www/live/test.project/files/$1 [S=1]
    RewriteRule ^(.*)$ %{DOCUMENT_ROOT}$1

    RewriteCond $1/$2 -f
    RewriteRule ^(.*)/[0-9]+-([^/]+)$ $1/$2 [L]

    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !^/a/files/
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
    RewriteRule ^(.*)$ %{DOCUMENT_ROOT}/index.php [L]

</VirtualHost>

Simple .htaccess

RewriteEngine On

RewriteRule ^/a/files/(.*) /www/live/test.project/files/$1

RewriteRule ^(.*)/[0-9]+-([^/]+)$ $1/$2 [L]

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ /index.php [L]

Sub-folder .htaccess

If the website is going work in a sub-folder (e.g under a WordPress website).

Assuming the main website sets its DocumentRoot to:

/www/live/main.website/public_html/

First create a folder outside of this folder, so you have something like:

/www/live/sub.website/
/www/live/sub.website/app/public/
/www/live/sub.website/files/

Then create a symlink in the main websites DocumentRoot to the public folder of this project.

ln -s /www/live/sub.website/app/public/ /www/live/main.website/public_html/sub-folder

And finaly add (or edit) the .htaccess file:

/www/live/sub.website/app/public/.htaccess

RewriteEngine On

RewriteRule ^(.*)/[0-9]+-([^/]+)$ $1/$2 [L]

RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ /sub-folder/index.php [L]

Note how the last RewriteRule starts with "/sub-folder", this is because the .htaccess version of RewriteRule starts from the DocumentRoot.

For the /a/files/ folder, you can use an install script to create another symlink.


Development URLs

If you work on many websites, and use a URL structure such as:

http://test.project.emma.devcf.com/

Which maps automatically to the appropriate websites folder, then use something like:

NameVirtualHost *:80

<VirtualHost *:80>

    DocumentRoot /Volumes/WebServer/Projects/craig.homepage/public
    UseCanonicalName off

    LogFormat "%h %l %u [%{LOG_INFO}n] [%{%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S}t] [%D/%{TIME_INFO}n] \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" inc_info
    CustomLog /private/var/log/apache2/access_log inc_info
    ErrorLog /private/var/log/apache2/error_log

    Alias /phpMyAdmin/ /Volumes/WebServer/Projects/craig.homepage/phpMyAdmin/

    RewriteEngine on
    #RewriteLog /var/log/apache2/rewrite_log
    #RewriteLogLevel 2
    #tail -f /var/log/apache2/rewrite_log | grep -o -E "(initial|subreq).*"

    # Map project from HOST into FILENAME
    RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^([a-z0-9]+(\.[a-z0-9]+))*\.[a-z]+\.devcf\.com$
    RewriteRule ^(/.*) - [NS,E=WEB_ROOT:/Volumes/WebServer/Projects/%1]

    # Drop into /files/ folder (if present)
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} ^/a/files
    RewriteCond %{ENV:WEB_ROOT}/files -d
    RewriteRule ^/a/files(/.*) $1 [NS,E=WEB_ROOT:%{ENV:WEB_ROOT}/files]

    # Drop into /app/public/ folder (if present)
    RewriteCond %{ENV:WEB_ROOT}/app/public -d
    RewriteRule ^(/.*) - [NS,E=WEB_ROOT:%{ENV:WEB_ROOT}/app/public]

    # Drop into /public/ folder (if present)
    RewriteCond %{ENV:WEB_ROOT}/public -d
    RewriteRule ^(/.*) - [NS,E=WEB_ROOT:%{ENV:WEB_ROOT}/public]

    # Drop timestamp from url - e.g. "/a/12345-logo.jpg" to "/a/logo.jpg"
    RewriteCond %{ENV:WEB_ROOT}/$1/$2 -f
    RewriteRule ^(.*)/[0-9]+-([^/]+)$ $1/$2

    # If there is a rewrite.php script
    RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !^/a/
    RewriteCond %{ENV:WEB_ROOT}/a/php/rewrite.php -f
    RewriteRule ^(/.*) %{ENV:WEB_ROOT}/a/php/rewrite.php [L]

    # Apply the WEB_ROOT, both if initial request or as a sub-request... but only when set (not homepage)
    RewriteCond %{ENV:WEB_ROOT} !=""
    RewriteRule ^(/.*) %{ENV:WEB_ROOT}$1

</VirtualHost>

<Directory "/Volumes/WebServer/Projects">

    AllowOverride All
    Options +Indexes +Includes
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all

</Directory>

<Directory "/Volumes/WebServer/Projects/craig.homepage/phpMyAdmin">

    Order deny,allow
    Deny from all
    Allow from 127.0.0.1

</Directory>

<VirtualHost *:80>

    ServerName localhost

    RewriteEngine on
    RewriteRule   ^/(.*)  http://emma.devcf.com/$1  [R=301]

</VirtualHost>